Colds are characterized by symptoms such as runny nose, cough, and sore throat. In the winter months, flu (short for influenza) inflicts fever and joint and muscle pain. Colds and flus are highly contagious respiratory infections caused by virus. Preventative steps you can follow include:
1. Wash Hands Frequently
Every time you come home from anywhere (Even if it’s a five minute run to the pharmacy), it’s important to wash your hands just to be safe of germs.
2. Use Hand Sanitizer
Have some in your purse, in your vehicle, in your desk drawer. Just have it available, so when you need it, you can use it.
3. Avoid Touching Your Face A Lot
We accumulate germs most through our mouth and nose.
4. Workout and Eat Healthy
Working out keeps our immune systems high, making us less susceptible to getting sick. It’s a myth you should starve either a cold or flu. Eating provides essential nutrients that help your body recuperate.
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5. Sleep Well and Get Plenty of Rest
Getting plenty of rest helps our immune system get back on track. As well, our bodies do most of its repairing during sleep, so make sure to get a thorough amount of sleep you feel your body needs (minimum 8 hours).
6. Keep Your Hands to Yourself
Don’t touch anything in public unless you have to. Keep hands in pockets, gloves on, and use the back of your hand to push open doors, or sleeve of coat. Open doors where the least people have touched – you can usually tell because part of the door handle has been worn away. This might seem tedious at first, but after doing it for a while, it becomes habit.
7. Avoid Coughing or Sneezing Out
Make sure to cover your cough and sneeze with the inside of your elbow. If a whole community did this, imagine how many less germs would be spread!
8. Keep Your Environment Clean
A dirty, messy, disorganized environment is a breeding ground for germs. Make sure to wipe down kitchen counters, clean out sinks, and wipe down door handles and light switches to keep any dirt or germs away.
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9. Stay Warm
Fun fact: It isn’t the cold weather that gives us a cold. The cold lowers our immune system, making us more susceptible to contacting a virus.
10. Drink Plenty of Fluids
Fluids help to flush out any toxins and germs we’ve accumulated. Fluids like water, orange juice, or hot tea are great. It’s important to avoid alcohol because it dilates small blood vessels, which cause our sinuses to feel stuffed up, and reduces the body’s ability to fight infection.
11. Brush Teeth and Mouth Wash Twice Daily
Keeping good oral health helps to rid any germs in our mouths, keeping away germs. Fun fact: Individuals that practice oral hygiene have 1,000 to 100,000 bacteria living on each tooth surface, while less clean mouths can have between 100 million and 1 billion bacteria on each tooth.
12. Stay Away From Those Who Are Already Sick
Even if it’s a loved one. It’s best to stay away from them and let them heal.
If you have any additional ideas to stay healthy and happy this season, comment down below! 🙂